•  ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS (ELA)

    PA Common Core Standards

    READING

    1.1 Foundation Skills

    ·         Know and apply gradelevel phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

    ·         Use combined knowledge of all lettersound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words.

    ·         Read with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

    ·         Read onlevel text with purpose and understanding.

    ·         Read onlevel text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

    ·         Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

                     

    1.2  Reading Informational Text

    ·         Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

    ·         Refer to details and examples in text to support what the text says explicitly and make inferences.

    ·         Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.          

    ·         Compare and contrast an event or topic told from two different points of view.

    ·         Use text structure to interpret information (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution).

    ·         Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade level text, including figurative language.

    ·         Interpret various presentations of information within a text or digital source and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of text in which it appears.

    ·         Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

    ·         Integrate information from two texts on the same topic to demonstrate understanding of that topic.

    ·         Acquire and use accurately grade appropriate conversational, general academic, and domainspecific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being and that are basic to a particular topic.

    ·         Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiplemeaning words and phrases based on grade level reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.

    ·         Read and comprehend literary nonfiction and informational text on grade level, reading independently and proficiently.

     

    1.3 Reading Literature

    ·         Determine a theme of a text from details in the text; summarize the text.

    ·         Cite relevant details from text to support what the text says explicitly and make inferences.

    ·         Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.

    ·         Compare and contrast an event or topic told from two different points of view.

    ·         Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose and refer to the structural elements of each when writing or speaking about a text.

    ·         Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade level text, including figurative language.

    ·         Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.

    ·         Compare and contrast similar themes, topics, and patterns of events in literature, including texts from different cultures.

    ·         Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiplemeaning words and phrases based on gradelevel reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.

    ·         Acquire and use accurately grade appropriate conversational, general academic, and domainspecific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being and that are basic to a particular topic.

    ·         Read and comprehend literary fiction on grade level, reading independently and proficiently.

     

    LANGUAGE ARTS

    1.4 Writing

    ·         Write informative/ explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

    ·         Identify and introduce the topic clearly.

    ·         Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic; include illustrations and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

    ·         Group related information in paragraphs and sections, linking ideas within categories of information using words and phrases; provide a concluding statement or section; include formatting when useful to aiding comprehension.

    ·         Use precise language and domainspecific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

    ·         Demonstrate a grade appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·         Write opinion pieces on topics or texts.

    ·         Introduce the topic and state an opinion on the topic.

    ·         Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.

    ·         Create an organizational structure that includes related ideas grouped to support the writer’s purpose and linked in a logical order with a concluding statement or section related to the opinion.

    ·         Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.

    ·         Demonstrate a grade appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·         Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events.

    ·         Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

    ·         Use dialogue and descriptions to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations; use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

    ·         Organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally, using a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events; provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences and events.

    ·         Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.

    ·         Demonstrate a grade appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·         Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying gradelevel reading standards for literature and informational texts.

    ·         With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.

    ·         With some guidance and support, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.

    ·         Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

    ·         Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.           

    ·         Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of disciplinespecific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

     

    1.5 Speaking and Listening

    ·         Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    ·         Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

    ·         Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

    ·         Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly with adequate volume, appropriate pacing, and clear pronunciation.

    ·         Differentiate between contexts that require formal English versus informal situations.

    ·         Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

    ·         Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English when speaking, based on Grade 4 level and content.

        

    MATH

    PA Common Core Standards 

    2.1 Numbers and Operations

    ·         Apply place-value concepts to show an understanding of multi-digit whole numbers

    ·         Use place-value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.

    ·         Extend the understanding of fractions to show equivalence and ordering.

    ·         Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers.

    ·         Connect decimal notation to fractions, and compare decimal fractions(base 10 denomintaor, eg., 19/100)

     

    2.2 Algebraic Concepts

    ·         Represent and solve problems involving the four operations.

    ·         Develop and/or apply number theory concepts to find factors and multiples.

    ·         Generate and analyze patterns using one rule.

     

    2.3 Geometry

    ·         Draw lines and angles and identify these in two-dimensional figures.

    ·         Classify two-dimensional figures by properties of their lines and angles.

    ·         Recognize symmetric shapes and draw lines of symmetry

     

    2.4 Measurement, Data, and Probability

    ·     Solve problems involving measurement and conversions form a larger unit to a smaller unit.

    ·         Translate information from one type of data display to another.

    ·         Represent and interpret data involving fractions using information provided in a line plot.

    ·         Measure angles and use properties of adjacent angles to solve problems.

     

    SOCIAL STUDIES 

    PA Academic Standards

    5.0 Civics and Government

    ·         Examine school rules and consequences.

    ·         Explain rules and laws for the classroom, school, community, and state.

    ·         Explain the principles and ideals shaping local and state government.

                            Liberty / Freedom, Democracy, Justice, Equality

    ·         Identify key ideas about government found in significant documents:

                            Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution, Bill of Rights,

                                                Pennsylvania Constitution

    ·         Identify state symbols, national symbols, and national holidays.

    ·         Identify individual rights and needs and the rights and needs of others in the classroom, school, and community.

    ·         Describe the sources of conflict and disagreement and different ways conflict can be resolved.

    ·         Describe the roles of leadership and public service in school, community, state, and nation.

    ·         Describe how citizens participate in school and community activities.

    ·         Identify the roles of the three branches of government.

    ·         Describe how the elected representative bodies function in making local and state laws.

    ·         Identify the services performed by local and state governments.

    ·         Identify positions of authority at the local and state, and national level.

    ·         Explain the voting process.

    ·         Explain how different perspectives can lead to conflict.

    ·         Identify individual interests and explain ways to influence others


    6.0 Economics

    ·         Identify scarcity of resources in a local community.

    ·         Recognize the difference between basic needs and wants.

    ·         Explain the role of producers in making goods and providing services.

    ·         Illustrate what individuals or organizations give up when making a choice.

    ·         Explain what influences the choices people make.

    ·         Explain how a product moves from production to consumption.

    ·         Determine how sellers compete with one another.

    ·         Differentiate between monetary and non-monetary incentives in advertising.

    ·         Explain the role of buyers and sellers in determining prices of products.

    ·         Explain why local businesses open and close.

    ·         Describe the role of a private economic institution in the local community.

           ·         Explain the three basic questions all economic systems must answer;

                            What to produce, How?, For whom?

    ·         Explain how government responds to social needs by providing public goods and services.

    ·         Describe the impact of government involvement in state and national economic activities.

    ·         Explore ways in which tax revenues are used in local community.

    ·         List and explain factors that promote specialization and division of labor.

    ·         Explain why nations trade.

    ·         Identify the requirements for different careers and occupations.

    ·         Compare different ways people save.

    ·         Examine the basic operation of the banking system.

     

    7.0 Geography

    ·         Describe how common geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places, and environment.

    ·         Describe and locate places and regions as defined by physical and human features.

    ·         Identify the physical characteristics of places and regions.

    ·         Identify the basic physical processes that affect the physical characteristics of places and regions.

    ·         Identify the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria:

                            Population, Culture, Settlement, Economic activities, Political activities

    ·         Identify the effect of the physical systems on people within a community.

    ·         Identify the effect of people on the physical systems within a community.

     

    8.0 History

    ·         Identify and describe how geography and climate have influenced continuity and change over time.

    ·         Distinguish between fact and opinion from multiple points of view, and primary sources as related to historical events.(Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.C.)

    ·         Identify a specific research topic and develop questions relating to the research topic. (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.3 Research)

    ·         Differentiate common characteristics of the social, political, cultural, and economic groups from Pennsylvania.

    ·         Locate historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to Pennsylvania history.

    ·         Explain how continuity and change in Pennsylvania history have influenced personal development and identity.

                            Belief systems and religions, Commerce and industry, Technology, Politics and   

                            government, Physical and human geography, Social organizations

    ·         Distinguish between conflict and cooperation among groups and organization that impacted the history and development of Pennsylvania

           Ethnicity and race, Working conditions, Immigration, Military conflict, Economic stability

    ·         Differentiate common characteristics of the social, political, cultural and economic groups in United States history.

    ·         Locate historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to United States history.

    ·         Explain how continuity and change in U.S. history have influenced personal development and identity.

                            Belief systems and religions, Commerce and industry, Technology Politics and

                            government, Physical and human geography,  Social organizations

    ·         Distinguish between conflict and cooperation among groups and organization that impacted the history and development of the United States.

                            Ethnicity and race, Working conditions, Immigration, Military conflict, Economic   

                            stability        

    ·         Differentiate common characteristics of the social, political, cultural, and economic groups in world history

    ·         Locate historical documents, artifacts, and sites, which are critical to World history.

    ·         Explain how continuity and change in world history have influenced personal development and identity.

                            Belief systems and religions, Commerce and industry, Technology, Politics and

                            Government, Physical and human geography, Social organizations                        

    ·         Distinguish between conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations that impacted development of the history of the world.