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    ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS (ELA)

    PA Common Core Standards 

    READING

    1.1 Foundation Skills

    ·       Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

    ·       Read with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

     

    1.2  Reading Informational Text

    ·       Determine two or more main ideas in a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text

    ·       Cite textual evidence by quoting accurately from the text to explain what the text says explicitly and make inferences.

    ·       Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a text based on specific information in the text.

    ·       Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

    ·       Use text structure, in and among texts, to interpret information (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution).

    ·       Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, including interpretation of figurative language.

    ·       Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate and answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

    ·       Determine how an author supports particular points in a text through reasons and evidence.

    ·       Integrate information from several texts on the same topic to demonstrate understanding of that topic.

    ·       Acquire and use accurately grade appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships.

    ·       Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade-level reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.

    ·       Read and comprehend literary nonfiction and informational text on grade level, reading independently and proficiently.

     

    1.3 Reading Literature

    ·       Determine a theme of a text from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

    ·       Cite textual evidence by quoting accurately from the text to explain what the text says explicitly and make inferences.

    ·       Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.

    ·       Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

    ·       Explain how a series of chapters, scenes. Or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

    ·       Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, including the interpretation of figurative language.

    ·       Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text(e.e., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem.)

    ·       Compare and contrast texts in the same genre on their approaches to similar themes and topics as well as additional literary elements.

    ·       Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade –level reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.

    ·       Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain specific phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships.

    ·       Read and comprehend literary fictions on grade-level, reading independently and proficiently.

     

    LANGUAGE ARTS

    1.4 Writing

    ·      Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

    ·      Identify and introduce the topic clearly.

    ·      Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic; include illustrations and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

    ·      Group related information logically linking ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses; provide a concluding statement or section; include formatting when useful to aiding comprehension.

    ·      Write with and awareness of style.

    ·      Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·      Write opinion pieces on topics or texts.

    ·      Introduce the topic and state an opinion on the topic.

    ·      Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details; draw from credible sources.

    ·      Create an organizational structure that includes related ideas grouped to support the writers purpose; link opinions and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses; provide a concluding statement or sections related to the opinion.

    ·      Write with and awareness of style.

    ·      Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·      Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events.

    ·      Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

    ·      Use narrative techniques such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations; use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

    ·      Organize and event sequence that unfolds naturally, using a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events, provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences and events.

    ·      Write with an awareness of style.

    ·      Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    ·      Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying grade-level reading standards for literature and informational texts.

    ·      With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

    ·      With some guidance and support, use technology, including the internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.

    ·      Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

    ·      Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources.

    ·      Write routinely over extended time frames(time for research, reflection and revision) and shorter time frames(a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

         

    1.5 Speaking and Listening

    ·      Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussion on grade-level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    ·      Summarize the main points of written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

    ·      Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.

    ·      Report on a topic or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly with adequate volume, appropriate pacing, and clear pronunciation.

    ·      Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

    ·      Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentation when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

    ·      Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English when speaking, based on grade 5 level and content.

     

    MATH

     PA Common Core Standards

    2.1 Numbers and Operations

    ·       Apply place value concepts to show an understanding of operations and rounding as they pertain to whole numbers and decimals.

    ·       Extend an understanding of operations with whole numbers to perform operations including decimals.

    ·       Use the understanding of equivalency to add and subtract fractions.

    ·       Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

    2.2 Algebraic Concepts

    ·      Interpret and evaluate numerical expressions using order of operations

    ·      Analyze patterns and relationships using two rules

    2.3 Geometry

    ·      Graph points in the first quadrant on the coordinate plane and interpret these points when solving real world mathematical problems.

    ·      Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on an understanding of their properties.

    2.4 Measurement, Data, and Probability

    ·      Solve problems using conversions within a given measurement system

    ·      Represent and interpret data using appropriate scale.

    ·      Solve problems involving computations of fractions using information provided in a line plot.

    ·      Apply concepts of volume to solve problems and relate volume to multiplication and to addition.

     

    SOCIAL STUDIES

    PA Academic Standards

     

    5.0 Civics and Government

    ·       Understand the rule of law in protecting property rights, individual rights and the common good.

    ·       Describe the basic purposes of government in the classroom, school, community, state, and nation.

    ·       Describe the principles and ideals shaping local state, and national government.

                            Liberty / Freedom, Democracy,  Justice,  Equality

    ·       Interpret key ideas about government found in significant documents:

                            Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution, Bill of Rights,

                            Pennsylvania Constitution

    ·       Identify the individual rights guaranteed by the PA Constitution and the U.S. Constitution.

    ·       Explain the significance of state symbols, national symbols, and national holidays.

    ·       Identify individual rights and needs and the rights and needs of others in the classroom, school, community, state, and nation.

    ·       Identify behaviors that promote cooperation among individuals.

    ·       Explain why individuals become involved in leadership and public service.

    ·       Identify specific ways individuals participate in school and community activities.

    ·       Describe the responsibilities and powers of the three branches of government.

    ·       Describe how the elected representative bodies function in making local, state, and national laws.

    ·       Describe the role of local and state government officials.

    ·       Describe the primary duties of elected local, state, and national positions.

    ·       Identify the requirements to vote in local, state, and national elections.

    ·       Examine different ways conflicts can be resolved.

    ·       Describe how groups try to influence others.

    ·       Identify various sources of mass media.

    ·       Describe the difference between nation and country.

     

    6.0 Economics

    ·       Explain how limited resources and unlimited wants cause scarcity.

    ·       Explain ways in which people meet their basic needs and wants.

    ·       Demonstrate the use of human and capital resources in the production of a specific good.

    ·       Explain how people’s choices have different economic consequences.

    ·       Demonstrate how availability of resources affects choices.

    ·       Describe how goods and services are distributed.

    ·       Identify how pricing influences sellers and consumers.

    ·       Explain how advertising causes people to change their behavior in predictable ways.

    ·       Identify factors that cause changes in price.

    ·       Describe the impact of businesses opening and closing on Pennsylvania economy.

    ·       Compare and contrast types of private economic institutions.

    ·       Describe various economic systems.

                             Traditional, Market, Command

    ·       Describe the cost and benefits of government economic programs.

    ·       Describe factors that influence government’s economic decision making.

    ·       Explore ways in which tax revenue is collected.

    ·       Explain why people specialize in the production of goods and services and divide labor.

    ·       Explain the growth in international trade.

    ·       Explain how and where multinational corporations operate.

    ·       Identify various economic and non-economic organizations that contribute to interaction among individuals and nations.

    ·       Describe how the availability of goods and services is made possible by the work of members of the society.

    ·       Differentiate the requirements for different careers and occupations.

    ·       Explain how positive and negative incentives affect individual choices.

    ·       Identify tangible and intangible assets.

    ·       Define entrepreneurship and its role in the local community.

    ·       Identify the costs and benefits of saving.

    ·       Identify the costs and benefits of borrowing.

    7.0 Geography

    ·       Describe how common geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places, and environment.

    ·       Describe and locate places and regions as defined by physical and human features.

    ·       Describe the characteristics of places and regions.

    ·       Identify the basic physical processes that affect the physical characteristics of places and regions.

    ·       Identify the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria:

                            Population, Culture, Settlement, Economic activities, Political activities

    ·       Describe and explain the effects of the physical systems on people within regions.

    ·       Identify the effect of people on the physical systems within a community.

    8.0 History

    ·       Identify and explain the influences of economic features on continuity and change over time.

    ·       Classify and analyze fact and opinion from multiple points of view, and secondary sources as related to historical events.

    ·       Locate primary and secondary sources for the research topic and summarize in writing the findings. (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.5 Research)

    ·       Compare and contrast common characteristics of the social, political, cultural, and economic groups from Pennsylvania.

    ·       Illustrate concepts and knowledge of historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to Pennsylvania history.

    ·       Differentiate how continuity and change in Pennsylvania history are formed and operate.

                             Belief systems and religions, Commerce and industry, Technology,

                             Politics and government,  Physical and human geography, 

                             Social organizations

    ·       Examine patterns of conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations that impacted the history and development of Pennsylvania for responding to individual and community needs.

                             Ethnicity and race, Working conditions, Immigration, Military conflict,

                             Economic stability

    ·       Compare and contrast common characteristics of the social, political, cultural and economic groups in United States history.

    ·       Illustrate concepts and knowledge of historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to United States history.

    ·       Differentiate how continuity and change in U.S. history are formed and operate.

                             Belief systems and religions, Commerce and industry, Technology Politics and 

                             government, Physical and human geography, Social organizations

    ·       Examine patterns of conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations that impacted the history and development of the United States.

                             Ethnicity and race, Working conditions, Immigration, Military conflict,

                             Economic stability

    ·       Compare and contrast common characteristics of the social, political, cultural, and economic groups in world history.

    ·       Illustrate concepts and knowledge of historical documents, artifacts, and sites, which are critical to World history.