• Academic Standards for Health, Safety
    and Physical Education
     

    Pennsylvania Department of Education

    • 10.4.   Physical Activity
    • 10.4.3.  GRADE  3
    • 10.4.6.  GRADE  6
    • 10.4.9.  GRADE  9
    • 10.4.12.  GRADE  12
    • Pennsylvania’s public schools shall teach, challenge and support every student to realize his or her maximum potential and to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to:

     

    A.  Identify and engage in physical  
           activities that promote physical
           fitness and health.                                                            

     

    B.  Know the positive and negative
          effects of regular participation in  moderate to vigorous physical activities.                                                                                                                            

     

     

    C.  Know and recognize changes in body  responses during  moderate to vigorous physical activity.

    • heart rate
    • breathing rate

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    D.  Identify likes and dislikes related to participation in physical activities.

     

     

     

     

    E.   Identify reasons why regular      
           participation in physical activities improves motor skills.

     

     

     

    F.   Recognize positive and negative interactions of small group activities.

    • roles (e.g., leader, follower)
    • cooperation/sharing
    • on task participation

     

     

     

    A.  Identify and engage in moderate to
          vigorous physical activities that 
          contribute to physical fitness and 
          health.

     

    B.  Explain the effects of regular
          participation in moderate to vigorous
          physical activities on the body  systems.

     

     

    C.  Identify and apply ways to monitor and assess the body’s response to moderate to vigorous physical activity.

    • heart rate monitoring
    • checking blood pressure
    • fitness assessment

     

     

     

     

     

     

    D. Describe factors that affect childhood
         physical activity preferences.

    • enjoyment
    • personal interest
    • social experience
    • opportunities to learn new activities
    • parental preference
    • environment

    E.   Identify factors that have an impact on the relationship between regular               
          participation in physical activity
          and the degree of motor skill 
          improvement.

    • success-oriented activities
    • school-community resources
    • variety of activities
    • time on task

    F.   Identify and describe positive
          and negative interactions of group
          members in physical activities.

    • leading
    • following
    • teamwork
    • etiquette
    • adherence to rules

     

     

     

     

     

     

    A.  Analyze and engage in physical
          activities that are developmentally/ 
          individually appropriate and support achievement of personal fitness and activity goals.

    B.  Analyze the effects of regular
          participation in moderate to vigorous
          physical activities in relation to
          adolescent health improvement.

    • stress management
    • disease prevention
    • weight management

    C.  Analyze factors that affect the
          responses of body systems during 
          moderate to vigorous physical
          activities.

    • exercise (e.g., climate, altitude,

    location, temperature)

    • healthy fitness zone
    • individual fitness status (e.g.,

    cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility)

    • drug/substance use/abuse

     

     

     

     

    D.  Analyze factors that affect physical
          activity preferences of adolescents.

    • skill competence
    • social benefits
    • previous experience
    • activity confidence

     

     

    • Analyze factors that impact on the relationship between regular participation in physical activity and motor skill improvement.
    • personal choice
    • developmental differences
    • amount of physical activity
    • authentic practice

     

    F.  Analyze the effects of positive and
          negative interactions of adolescent
          group members in physical activities.

    • group dynamics
    • social pressure

     

     

     

     

     

    A.  Evaluate and engage in an individualized physical activity plan that supports achievement of personal fitness and activity goals and promotes life-long participation. 

     B. Analyze the effects of regular 
          participation in a self-selected  
          program of moderate to vigorous  
          physical activities.

    • social
    • physiological
    • psychological

    C.  Evaluate how changes in adult health status may affect the responses of the body systems during moderate to vigorous physical activity.

    • aging
    • injury
    • disease

     

     

     

     

     

     

    D.  Evaluate factors that affect physical
          activity and exercise preferences of
          adults.

    • personal challenge
    • physical benefits
    • finances
    • motivation
    • access to activity
    • self-improvement

    E.    Analyze the interrelationships                  among regular participation in physical activity, motor skill improvement and the selection and engagement in lifetime physical activities.

     

     

    F.    Assess and use strategies for enhancing adult group interaction in physical activities.

    • shared responsibility
    • open communication
    • goal setting

     

     

     

     

    • 10.5.   Concepts, Principles and Strategies of Movement
    • 10.5.3.  GRADE  3
    • 10.5.6.  GRADE 6
    • 10.5.9.  GRADE  9
    • 10.5.12.  GRADE  12
    • Pennsylvania’s public schools shall teach, challenge and support every student to realize his or her maximum potential and to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to:

     

    A.  Recognize and use basic movement
          skills and concepts.

    •   locomotor movements (e.g., run,

           leap, hop)

    • non-locomotor movements (e.g.,

           bend, stretch, twist)

    • manipulative movements (e.g.,

           throw, catch, kick)

    • relationships (e.g., over, under,

                  beside)

    • combination movements (e.g.,

           locomotor, non-locomotor,
                  manipulative) 

    • space awareness (e.g., self-space,

                  levels, pathways, directions)

    • effort (e.g., speed, force)

    B.  Recognize and describe the concepts of motor skill development using appropriate vocabulary.

        • form
        • developmental differences
        • critical elements
        • feedback

     

     

     

     

    C.  Know the function of practice.

     

    D.  Identify and use principles of exercise
          to improve movement and fitness
          activities.

    • frequency/how often to exercise
    • intensity/how hard to exercise
    • time/how long to exercise
    • type/what kind of exercise

     

    E.  Know and describe scientific principles
          that affect movement and skills using
          appropriate vocabulary.

    • gravity
    • force production/absorption
    • balance
    • rotation

     

    F.  Recognize and describe game strategies
         using appropriate vocabulary.

    • faking/dodging
    • passing/receiving
    • move MOVING to be open
    • defending space
    • following rules of play

     

     

     

    • A.  Explain and apply the basic  movement skills and concepts to create and perform movement sequences and advanced skills.

     

    B.   Identify and apply the concepts of  motor skill development to a variety of basic skills.

    • transfer between skills
    • selecting relevant cues
    • types of feedback
    • movement efficiency
    • product (outcome/result)

    C.  Describe the relationship between

          practice and skill development.

     

    D.  Describe and apply the principles of
          exercise to the components of health-related and skill-related fitness.

    • cardiorespiratory endurance
    • muscular strength
    • muscular endurance
    • flexibility
    • body composition

    E.  Identify and use scientific principles
          that affect basic movement and skills using appropriate vocabulary.

    • Newton’s Laws of Motion
    • application of force
    • static/dynamic balance
    • levers
    • flight

     

    F.  Identify and apply game strategies to    basic games and physical activities.

    • give and go
    • one on one
    • peer communication

     

     

     

    A.  Describe and apply the components of
          skill-related fitness to movement
           performance.

    • agility
    • balance
    • coordination
    • power
    • reaction time
    • speed

     

     

     

     

    B.   Describe and apply concepts of motor skill development that impact the quality of increasingly complex          movement.

    • response selection
    • stages of learning a motor skill (i.e. verbal cognitive, motor, automatic)
    • types of skill (i.e. discrete, serial, continuous)

     

     

     

    C.   Identify and apply practice strategies

          for skill improvement.

     

    D.  Identify and describe the principles of
          training using appropriate vocabulary.

    • specificity
    • overload
    • progression
    • aerobic/anaerobic
    • circuit/interval
    • repetition/set

    E.  Analyze and apply scientific and
          biomechanical principles to complex
          movements.

    • centripetal/centrifugal force
    • linear motion
    • rotary motion
    • friction/resistance
    • equilibrium
    • number of moving segments

    F.  Describe and apply game strategies to complex games and physical activities.

    • offensive strategies
    • defensive strategies
    • time management

     

     

     

     

    A.  Apply knowledge of movement skills, skill-related fitness and movement concepts to identify and evaluate physical activities that promote personal lifelong participation.

     

     

     

     

     

    B.   Incorporate and synthesize knowledge of motor skill development concepts to improve the quality of motor skills.

    • open and closed skills
    • short-term and long-term memory
    • aspects of good performance

     

     

     

     

    C.   Evaluate the impact of practice

    strategies on skill development and
          improvement.

    D.  Incorporate and synthesize knowledge of exercise principles, training principles and health and skill-related fitness components to create a fitness program for
    personal use.

     

    E.  Evaluate movement forms for
          appropriate application of scientific       and biomechanical principles.

    • efficiency of movement
    • mechanical advantage
    • kinetic energy
    • potential energy
    • inertia
    • safety

    F.   Analyze the application of game strategies for different categories of physical activities.

    • individual
    • team
    • lifetime
    • outdoor